It was not so far when development technologies and tools start to advance intensively. It led to an urgent need for new project management methodologies that will maintain the prescribed pace.
So when speed and flexibility became the main IT values, Agile methodology gained immense popularity.
Initially, it was created to simplify the development process, save it from burdened by requirements documentation.
The story goes that 20 years ago, a group of 17 people gathered at the ski resort. They called themselves Snowbird 17.
All of them were representatives of different approaches and competed with each other. But they were united by one thing: looking for a traditional approach alternative.
They needed to increase speed without losing quality. And the methodology used didn`t allow this. Overloaded with complex documentation, the development process required a detailed reporting system and slowed down the work. They were looking for a lightweight format of work that would be convenient for those the product speed and quality directly depend on. For developers.
As a result, they not only found a common language but also developed. Agile Manifesto. It consists of 4 values and 12 principles that became Agile philosophy foundation.
4 Agile Values:
- Individuals and interactions over processes and tools.
- Working software over comprehensive documentation.
- Customer collaboration over contract negotiation.
- Responding to change over following a plan.
So readiness for change, quick adaptability and client’s needs responsiveness help to manage the development process. They also contribute to the creation of a quality product, increasing the chance of a scenario where the client will be satisfied.
12 Agile Principles:
- Customer satisfaction through early and continuous software delivery.
- Accommodate changing requirements throughout the development process.
- Frequent delivery of working software.
- Collaboration between the business stakeholders and developers throughout the project.
- Support, trust, and motivate the people involved.
- Enable face-to-face interactions.
- Working software is the primary measure of progress.
- Agile processes to support a consistent development pace.
- Attention to technical detail and design enhances agility.
- Self-organizing teams encourage great architectures, requirements, and designs.
- Regular reflections on how to become more effective.
20 years have passed. The development world has changed more than once, and the Agile Manifesto is still relevant. As a result, its principles began to be applied not only in development.
In terms of practice, Agile has several distinctive features:
1. The team is formed around a specific task. So the key factor is the correct role distribution. This is one of the reasons why the methodology is extremely flexible in all circumstances.
2. The work is divided by volume, and the process is divided into time intervals, which are called “sprints”. Due to this, both the client and the team see the first results soon enough.
3. The client works together with the team. The feedback processes are accelerated. All team members understand the project goals.
As a result, Agile process is a scheme: idea implementation, feedback, reaction and regulation. This is a cyclical process.
Later, the methodology gets new branches such as Scrum and Kanban.
But, regardless of the nuances and differences, they are united by the main Agile advantages. Flexibility, adaptability and freedom. The goal remains the same is to help the team get the job done faster and better.
These factors are the basis for creating a product that ultimately meets the business and users’ needs.